Argumentative on Stem Cell Research

Topic: Argumentative Essay on Stem Cell Research

Order #: 32153308

Specifications: 3 Pages, 3 Sources, MLA Style

Description: Preferred language style: English (U.S.)

I need a 5 paragraph argumentative essay on Stem Cell Research, and if it’s ethical, and if so, what are the benefits. I need a Thesis, Evidence, Opposition, Rebuttal, and Conclusion paragraph. I’m in favor of stem cell research, so I would like most of the paper to be in favor of it also, and have the Opposition paragraph to be against it. Each paragraph needs to be 100 words (give or take a few). It must have 3 references only. References must be on a Works Sited page. The paper needs to be double spaced. I need the page number as well as my last name in the upper right hand corner. I need my name, subject, professor, and date on it. Christine Adika, English 101, Professor Roth.

Name: Christine Adika

Subject:  English 101

Professor: Prof. Roth

Date: April 1, 2007

         Stem cells are embryonic cells that are capable of differentiating into various specialized cells types and can divide over long periods of time.  When appropriate conditions are provided (in the laboratory), stem cells are encouraged to differentiate into specific cells that are capable of performing a specialized function in the body.  However, scientists are still finding it difficult in providing the right conditions so that the stem cells could differentiate into specialized cells (Stem Cell Information-NIH. 2006).  Due to these problems, a lot of research is currently required in the field of stem cells to understand the manner, in which these cells multiply, the right conditions that are needed for them to multiply into a particular cell type, and ways in which they could be utilized to replace damaged or diseased cells.  My Thesis question would be “Is the use of stem cells for research purposes justified, as the benefits to mankind in the future would be numerous?”

Many scientists feel that stem cells therapy could be utilized in almost any disorder or condition in which the tissues are lost as a result of disease, trauma, injuries or birth defects.  It can be potentially utilized in the treatment of various diseases such as Diabetes mellitus, Parkinsonism, Alzheimer’s disease, leukemias, kidney disorders, Duchene’s muscular dystrophy, Purkinje cell degeneration, spinal cord injury, strokes, cancers, burns, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, visual and hearing loss, etc (Angelique Green. 2005).  Stem cell therapy can help revolutionize medicine and the way in which severe diseases are treated.  Cells that are genetically identical to the individual requiring a transplant can be utilized to treat the disease and grow organs required.  In this way, chances of the host tissue rejecting the transplanted tissues are reduced and disease can be treated successfully (SCRF. 2006).

There are a few controversial issues with regard to stem cells.  As the stem cells are fertilized eggs that have life and could potentially give rise to a human being, use of these cells for research purposes is considered to be ethically and morally wrong (Angelique Green. 2005).  Stem cells obtained from discarded embryo cells can be very easily grown in the laboratory (SCRF. 2006).  The stem cells are usually obtained from embryos following fertilization of eggs during ‘In Vitro Fertilization’ (IVF) procedures.  They are usually obtained from embryos that are four to five days old (Stem Cell Information-NIH. 2006).  President Bush (on August 9, 2001) has opposed stem cell research and has provided only limited funding on studies on the existing stem cell lines available, and did not sponsor research on new stem cell lines.  He considers stem cell research to be ethically wrong, as it involves use of living embryo cells.

However, several facts should be considered when the stem cells are derived.  The stem cells are obtained after taking informed consent from the couple to conduct research on the embryos that are anyway going to be destroyed later (Stem Cell Information-NIH. 2006).  The stem cells are obtained after the embryos have been destroyed and hence in no way can these cell lines going to give rise to a human being.  The benefits that could be potentially obtained from stem cell research are huge and could revolutionize medicine.  Millions of people who are suffering from diseases, birth defects and requiring organ transplantations could benefit from embryos that are anyway going to be destroyed.  Thousands of lives could be saved through the benefits of stem cell research.  Embryo cells taken out of the human body may not be able to grow in an environment outside the uterus.  If these embryos (that are anyway to be wasted) are harnessed for useful purposes, I do not think that any ethical or moral issues are involved.

     Stem cells potentially provide us with an alternative to organ and tissue transplants and help in cell therapy to treat several diseases (in which the tissues are destroyed as a result of disease, trauma or birth defects), in the future.  However, it is important that research in the field of stem cells is encouraged.  If using embryos for research purpose is ethically wrong, then destroying the unwanted embryos during IVF should also be considered ethically wrong.  The embryos utilized in stem cell research are used for some potentially beneficial purposes, and hence should be permitted.  Embryonic stem cell research may also promote better understanding of how cells multiply.  In the future, the individual’s own stem cells can be utilized to grow tissues and organs for transplantation.

References:

Angelique Green. “Stem cell research.” Medical Encyclopedia. 2006. Medline Plus. 1 Apr 2007 http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007120.htm

Stem Cell Information. “Stem Cell Basics.” 2006. The National Institute of Health. 1 Apr 2007 http://stemcells.nih.gov/info/basics/defaultpage.asp

Stem Cell Research Foundation. “Frequently Asked Questions.” 2006. SCRF. 1 Apr 2007

http://www.stemcellresearchfoundation.org/About/FAQ.htm#StemCells