An Examination Of United States Presidential Scandals Politics Essay

Many presidentialA dirts have occurred throughout history. Presidential dirts in 20th century included Watergate ( Richard Nixon ) , which was a cover-up of a interruption in ; the Iran-Contra ( Ronald Regan ) , which became an operation to increase U.S. and Persian dealingss ; and the Monica Lewinsky Affair ( William Clinton ) , in which a White House staff member had an confidant relationship with the president. The American populace learned about these dirts due to the probes of members of the media. Presidents think they have unsusceptibility for the offenses they commit.

The Iran-Contra was a political dirt that was revealed in 1986 as a consequence of earlier events during the Ronald Regan Administration. Harmonizing to it began as an operation to increase U.S. and Persian dealingss, during which Israel would transport arms to a restrained politically high-level group of Iranians similar to theA leader of the 1979A Persian Revolution. The reticent Iranians agreed to make everything in their power to accomplish the release of six U.S. sureties, who were being held by a terrorist organisation. The program finally grew into supplying weaponries for surety dialogues, in which members of theA executive branchA sold arms toA IranA in exchange for the release of the American sureties ; nevertheless, this was purportedly accomplished without the direct blessing of PresidentA Ronald Reagan ( The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia ) .

The Monica Lewinsky Affair occurred during the presidential term of President William Clinton. During Clinton ‘s clip in office, a former Arkansas province worker, Paula Jones, claimed that William Clinton had approached her sexually in 1991 when he was governor of Arkansas. This brought aA sexual harassmentA case against the president ( Paula ) . Clinton becomes the first sitting president to hold to attest to a expansive jury as a national suspect. During his testimony, Clinton lied about an matter with a White House houseman, Monica Lewinsky. Clinton was subsequently found guilty of bearing false witness and obstructor of justness. In the terminal, this dirt resulted in Clinton ‘s impeachment by the U.S. House of Representatives ; nevertheless, he was subsequently exonerated by the United States Senate ( Paula ) .

Neither of these presidential dirts was about every bit serious as Watergate. Richard Nixon was theA 37th President of the United StatesA from 1969-1974. Nixon resigned as United States president in 1974, going the first president of all time to discontinue the office. Nixon was a attorney and Republican politician who held multiple places functioning in the house of the U.S. representatives ( 1947-51 ) , senator ( 1951-53 ) , frailty president ( 1953-61 ) , and eventually president of the United States ( 1969-74 ) & lt ; & gt ; . As a badly anti-communist senator from California, Nixon was the running mate with Dwight Eisenhower, who became the 34th president of the United States in 1952 ( Ruth ) . Nixon was 39 when he was nominated as Vice President. Nixon received his nickname “ Slippery Dick ” A in mention to the alleged usage of dirty fast ones during the run & lt ; & gt ; . Nixon served two footings as frailty president.

In 1960, Nixon was the Republican campaigner againstA John F. KennedyA in what became one of the closest elections in U.S. history. Until in the twelvemonth 2000 Gore/Bush race. Defeated by Kennedy, he so came back to California and ran inefficaciously for governor in 1962. In a surprising rejoinder, Nixon and his running mate, Maryland ‘s Spiro Agnew, defeatedA Hubert H. HumphreyA in the presidential elections of 1968, so easy won re-election against Democrat George McGovern in 1972. Even if Nixon had a aggressive foreign policy that included successes with China, the Soviet Union, and the Middle East, a weak national economic system and domestic difference over the Vietnam War beleaguered his disposal ( ) . His personality and character continues to be a point of public argument. Nixon was either seen a hard-driving mastermind or a soiled sneak, depending on the witness ‘s point of position.

During Nixon ‘s footings in office, he looked frontward to Vietnamization ( the extinction of North Vietnam ) ; Nixon was developing and fiting South Vietnamese to make their ain combat. American land combat forces in Vietnam fell steadily when Nixon took office in 1973, when the military bill of exchange was ended. Nixon improved dealingss with Moscow and reopened the “ closed door ” to mainland China in February. In May of that same twelvemonth, he visited Moscow and signed understandings on weaponries restriction and trade enlargement ; he besides approved programs for a joint U.S.-Soviet infinite mission. However, even with the success gained overseas, the United States ‘ economic system was neglecting due to the steady addition of unemployment rates.

Above all, Nixon ‘s successes and failures are overshadowed by the Watergate dirt. Watergate is the name of a hotel in Washington, D.C. where the celebrated probe of a housebreaking that caused a dirt for President Richard Nixon and accordingly led to his surrender. The dirt began two old ages continuing to Nixon ‘s surrender. During the probe of the dirt, five CIA agents were arrested for trying to interrupt into the Democratic National Committee ‘s central office, located in theA WatergateA Hotel. Virgilio Gonzalez, Bernard Baker, James W. McCord Jr. , Eugenio Martinez and Frank Sturgis were charged with attempted burglaryA and the attempted interception of telephone and other communications. The housebreaking was perfectly illegal by the actions committed by the staff of the Nixon disposal.

TheA Watergate probe revealed infinite developments of power by Nixon and his staff. This was accountable for politicalA sabotage and the creative activity of a campaignA slush fund ( a secret reserve of money taken from a legal or secret beginning ) . During the probe of the President ‘s function in the dirt, grounds was found on the Nixon tape recordings of conversations in the Oval Office ( President ‘s office ) . These tapes led a cardinal function to the probe of Nixon ‘s cognition of and prospective engagement in theA WatergateA dirt. So the Supreme Court issued a subpoena for the tapes. Nixon refused to let go of the tapes on evidences of that he has an executive privilege and ordered that thesubpoena would be dropped. When the tribunal refused, Nixon arranged what came to be known as the “ Saturday Night Massacre. ” The Saturday Night Massacre is when President Nixon fired the caput prosecuting officer and the Assistant Attorney General on the Watergate probe. Almost instantly after this exploit the tribunal started to set-up the impeachment charges against Nixon. However before anything could happen President Nixon resigned with no charges filed against him.

Presidential dirts are non ever about rip offing by obtaining information for personal addition ; there are besides the confidant 1s. These intimate dealingss happened more than one time but merely one president made a large thing about it. Former President Bill Clinton was the lone president that had entered the presidential term with a high popularity ballot and the merely 1 to go forth the presidential term with the same sum of the popular ballot. Other intimate presidential personal businesss was n’t every bit large as the Clinton Administration because the deficiency of engineering and communications. The American public sees the president as a leader non person that has an matter with their legal life spouse ( married woman ) .

President Bill Clinton was involved in the largest sexual dirt in the history of the twentieth century of the United States. This intimate matter between the executive of the state and his staff ( intern ) Monica Lewinsky that lasted for 18 months before his houseman came out. Clinton was maintaining audiotapes of his matter with Monica. The true probe did n’t get down until the media found out that the president and his personal attorney had encouraged Lewinsky to lie about her relationship ( New Republic pg.1-3 ) . This dirt in peculiar had the separation of powers issue connected with it. That straight affected the establishment of the American presidential term, where the topic of fecund public argument and dramatic bustle of constitutional determinations were made ( Miller pg. All ) . The unsusceptibility powers of the president did non play into consequence, the unsusceptibility powers were set in consequence to support the president against any civil actions in tribunal. In order for the president to be impeached both the house and Congress had to come to a guilty term. The lone ground why this matter was so large is because the media ( intelligence ) played a major function in the event of seeking to work the president who was elected from a 3rd party in the national run. Some people would believe that after the Watergate incident that no more presidents would enter their conversations about their illegal actions, but that did n’t halt Clinton evidently.

Former President John F. Kennedy was involved in an matter with a theoretical account named Marilyn Monroe. In fact Kennedy left his startup ball to travel and hold a sexual relationship with her ( Schultz pg.108 ) . Barely anybody including the media knew about the matter until Kennedy was assassinated. Murder can bring out the truth. Warren G Harding another president of the United States besides had an matter traveling on until the twenty-four hours he died in office. When Warren died he did n’t decease in the weaponries of his darling married woman but in the weaponries of his kept woman. Warren ‘s married woman was 1000s of stat mis off when the bosom onslaught hit ( Schultz pg.29-31 ) .President Lyndon B Johnson had an matter with Madeleine Brown who was 23 years-old at the clip of the matter ( Schultz pg.367 ) .She was a adult females who did commercial wireless on the presidents station and many other Stationss, their matter produced a boy in 1951, named Steven. The list goes on and on about the dirts of former presidents and their sexual lives. But as the universe alterations and engineering betters the more complicated it ‘s traveling to be to acquire away with personal businesss like these.

The Watergate dirt benefitted America ‘s newsmans by going more aggressive in uncovering the personal behavior of cardinal politicians. Besides they became far more disbelieving in describing on political issues. This embraced more political investigation and coverage to bring out new dirts. So you can thank Watergate for the annoyance newsmans. Presidential dirts kept on go oning in spike of seeking to make the right thing in the egg-shaped office. But the existent inquiry is could those former presidents have acted the same manner if in the presidential term today? With the full communicating tech we have in this century non a opportunity in snake pit.

Work Cited

“ Biography of Richard Nixon. ” – The Scandal That Destroyed President Richard Nixon. Web. 10 Dec. 2010. & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: // & gt ; .

“ Sexual activity, LIES, AND AUDIOTAPE. ” New Republic 218.6 ( 1998 ) : 7-8. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 1 Dec. 2010.

Miller, Randall K. “ Presidential Sanctuaries after the Clinton Sex Scandals. ” Harvard Journal of Law & A ; Public Policy 22.2 ( 1999 ) : 647. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 1 Dec. 2010.

Schultz, Jeffrey D… Presidential dirts. Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, 2000. Print.

Ruth, Daniel. “ Tricky Dick ‘s Reels of Shame – St. Petersburg Times. ” Tampa Newspapers: The Times, TBT & A ; 17 Dec. 2010. Web. 28 Apr. 2011. & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: // & gt ; .

Kelly, Martin. “ Presidential Scandals. ” American History from About. Web. 28 Apr. 2011. & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: // & gt ; .

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia

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“ Paula Jones Biography from ” Biographies from Web. 28 Apr. 2011. & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: // & gt ; .