The election of 1896 was one that introduced new parties, new positions, and new arguments. There were four parties running in the race for the White House, and many issues over which to debate. The two chief campaigners, nevertheless, were two work forces who shared the first name of William. The figure of electors in this election continued to turn from the old twelvemonth, and for many old ages after.The election ended in a new president and finally a new foreign policy in the United States.
As a new political reform, many countries of the state held Presidential Primaries to choose the campaigner for each party. This allowed for a smoother national election, and enabled electors to do more educated determinations on their ballot. The Republicans had a sum of five primary campaigners. They included William McKinley, Governor of Ohio ; Thomas Reed, Speaker of the House of Representatives ; Matthew Quay of Pennsylvania ; Levi Morton of New York ; and William Allison of Iowa. With the backup of Cleveland man of affairs Mark Hana, William McKinley received plenty ballots to go the Republican presidential campaigner ( 1 ) . He chose Garret A. Hobart as his running mate ( 7 ) . The Democrats had a sum of six primary campaigners. They were William Jennings Bryan of Nebraska, a ardent protagonist of “ Free Silver ” ; Richard Bland of Missouri, Robert Pattison of Pennsylvania, Horace Boies of Iowa, Joseph C. S. Blackburn of Kentucky, and John McLean of Ohio ( 1 ) . William Jennings Bryan coined adequate ballots with his push for “ Free Silver ” to go the Democratic campaigner. The National Democratic Party, who were opposed to “ Free Silver ” but still held Democratic ideals, sported eight primary campaigners. They were John Palmer of Illinois ; Edward S. Bragg of Wisconsin ; William Vilas of Wisconsin ; the current President of the United States Grover Cleveland of New York ; John G. Carlisle of Kentucky ; Julius Morton of Nebraska ; William Wilson of West Virginia ; and Henry Watterson of Kentucky. With President Cleveland an enemy to the populace, due to is conservativism and his tighter clasp on the Free Silver state of affairs ( 1 ) , John Palmer was able to prehend the slot on the ballot. The fading Populist Party besides nominated James Weaver as their campaigner.
There were many issues present in the state during the run for the election. With the mid-term elections of 1894, the Republican Party held the bulk of power in Congress ( 2 ) . This swung the ballot in favour of McKinley ‘s policies. Although Bryan pushed to a great extent for Free Silver, the Republican Congress kept forcing it off. In add-on to denial by Congress, the “ Free Silver Fever ” was running out. , which put Jennings at a disadvantage in the run. In Chicago, Bryan gave his “ Cross of Gold ” Address, avery animating address to which surprisingly few people paid attending to ( 3 ) . Another touchy topic during the run procedure was the thought of Imperialism. The Imperialism argument started in 1867 when Secretary William Seward purchased Alaska from the Empire of Russia ( 4 ) . Although President Cleveland was determined to maintain the state impersonal in foreign personal businesss, Presidential Candidate William McKinley was a pro-imperialist ( 4 ) . President Cleveland wanted nil to make with Hawaii, but McKinley stated that he would follow Hawaii as a province. With new literature such as Alfred T. Mahan ‘s The Influence of Sea Power upon History, or Reverend Josiah Strong ‘s Our State: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis and new thoughts such as James G. Blaine ‘s “ Large Sister ” policy, many people were drawn to the new imperialistic thoughts. Because of so many pro-imperialist electors, Bryan ‘s anti-imperialist programs were non heard by many Americans. Furthermore, the Monroe Doctrine was used at times to emphasize the importance of United States intercession in the Latin American states, and their laterality over them ( 5 ) . One other issue during the election was the factor of corrupt electors. Many large concerns, every bit good as offense foremans, had practiced haling citizens into voting for a peculiar campaigner. After the Gilded Age, many politicians started to try to go through statute law prohibiting this coercion. Although it was non a immense subject for the campaigners, it was still an implicit in factor in the election.
The run was one with many interesting addresss. One such address was given by campaigner William Jennings Bryan entitled “ The Cross of Gold. ” It was given at the Chicago Democratic Convention on July 9th, 1896. It was a address advancing the thought of Free Silver. The chief premiss of the address was that by being dependent on gold, we are crucifying ourselves as a state economically ( 6 ) . Bryan traveled over 1,800 stat mis, giving a fluctuation of his celebrated address to over 5 million people ( 8 ) . Besides, countrywide run Tourss were now more popular due to the spread of the American Railroad system. William McKinley, nevertheless did non follow the tendency of a going run. He decided to float off from traditional run methods and speak to the American people through his “ Front Porch Campaign. ” The house ‘s reference was 723 North Market Avenue in Canton, Ohio, and at the clip of the run, and was merely rented by the McKinleys ( 9 ) . During his addresss given from his forepart porch, McKinley vowed to annex Hawaii, to give independency to Cuba, and to increase duties. The “ Front Porch Campaign ” forced people to see McKinley at his place to hear his presidential programs, but allowed him to look more as a normal individual.
13,938,674 electors showed up for vote in the presidential election ( 10 ) . The old election, merely 11,774,051, 74.1 % of the eligible electors, showed up on vote twenty-four hours ( 11 ) . The addition is due likely to the fact that more people were interested in the thought of imperialism and that of Free Silver. The following election, 13,599,769 electors showed up ( 11 ) . The lessening can be attributed to the fact that the Free Silver argument was over and imperialism was the head of American foreign policy. Because there were few new issues introduced to the election, fewer electors were drawn to the ballots.
The election of 1896 resulted in the election of William McKinley as president. He gained a sum of 7,112,138 popular ballots, 603,966 more ballots than his opposing Bryan who received 6,508,172 popular ballots. McKinley carried 23 provinces in the election, the bulk of them in the Mid-West and the South-East. Although McKinley resided in Ohio at the clip of the election, he was unable to transport his place province. Bryan carried 22 provinces, including all of the New England provinces and the environing provinces, every bit good as California and Oregon ( 12 ) . McKinley won in the electoral college with 271 electoral ballots over Bryan ‘s 176 electoral ballots ( 12 ) . The staying few ballots went to the campaigners of the National Democratic and Populist parties.
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The Red provinces are 1s carried by McKinley, the Blue are carried by Bryan.
The election of 1896 had a permanent affect on American history. The most noteworthy alteration in American history was McKinley ‘s permanent policy of imperialism. Like he promised to make in his Front Porch Campaign, McKinley annexed Hawaii in 1898 ( 14 ) against the wants of former President Cleveland. McKinley besides waged war against Spain that resulted in the acquisition of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. McKinley granted Cuba its independency with the Teller Amendment and guaranteed a topographic point of land in Cuba reserved for American military personnels, Guantanamo Bay in the Platt Amendment ( 5 ) . After his blackwash in 1901 ( 4 ) , Theodore Roosevelt, his vice-president and hero of the conflicts in Cuba, became president. Roosevelt was a Progressive leader, a motion which started as a consequence, in portion, of McKinley ‘s policies. William Jennings Bryan went on to go the prosecuting officer in the Scopes Trials ( 5 ) , the argument over whether Darwin ‘s development should be taught in public schools, and died
By Joshua Reyes shortly thenceforth.
As detailed above, the election of 1896 was an of import portion of American history. Because McKinley was elected, the United States annexed Hawaii and increased duty rates. If William Jennings Bryan had been elected, so Hawaii could still be a district of the United States, versus a province. Besides, there may hold been a different result in the Scopes Trials. The most of import consequence of this election, in my sentiment, would be the re-election and blackwash of McKinley, leting Theodore Roosevelt to go president. Although the appropriation of Hawaii is an highly important portion in American history, I believe that Teddy Roosevelt ‘s Progressive policies have had much more of an impact. William McKinley ‘s Front Porch run has remained a really alone method of runing in American political relations, and is partially the ground why William McKinley won the election. Overall, the singularity of the Election of 1896 has remained odd by any election.
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