Amistad Essay, Research Paper
In the beginning of the film Amistad, slave huntsmans abducted a big group of Africans from Sierra Leone in Africa and shipped them to Cuba to be traded. The Africans were purchased by Spanish work forces and set aboard a ship called Amistad. This abduction and trade violated pacts that so existed, because you could non be bought or sold as a slave unless you were a natural-born slave, which they were non. During the journey overseas, the Africans seized the ship, killed the caput crewmembers, and ordered the staying crew to sail to Africa. Not much later, the Amistad was seized by a U.S. ship. The two Spanish work forces were freed and the Africans were imprisoned on charges of slaying. President Van Buren was in favour of convicting the Africans, because he was warned that if the Africans were set free, it would get down a civil war. So when the Federal tribunal justice seemed to be tilting towards the African? s side, Van Buren impeached him and replaced him with a new immature justice that he thought would back up
the Spanish men?s side. This is an example of checks and balances. It demonstrates the executive branch?s check on the judicial branch. The court ruled that the claims to the Africans as property were not lawful because they were illegally abducted and held as slaves. Therefore, the Spanish men were to be imprisoned and the Africans sent back to Africa. A well-known man warned the president again of civil war and the negative outcome of the Africans being freed. When the president said there was nothing he could do about it now, the man told him that he could appeal the case and make it appear before the Supreme Court. This is exactly what Van Buren did, and this is also an example of checks and balances. The president has the right to appeal a court?s decision. The case went to the Supreme Court, and former President John Quincy Adams argued the Africans? case. Adams defended the right of the Africans to fight for their freedom. The Supreme Court decided in favor of the Africans, and they were finally aloud to return to their homeland.